Curriculum Film lesson plan

This film is designed for use with South Carolina eighth-grade social studies textbooks. It should be viewed and the suggested activities completed after students have developed a basic understanding of the events preceding and following the Civil War. This lesson plan addresses several South Carolina Social Studies Standards and indicators including 8-3.1, 8-3.4, 8-3.6, 8-4.1, 8-4.2, 8-5.1, 8-6.3, and 8-7.5. This packet contains an outline of the film (separated into two parts), suggested discussion questions, activities for further study in other curriculum areas and the standards they fulfill, as well as a list of additional resources. Instructors are at liberty to decide which activities and how many of them are appropriate.

Before watching the film, students should have a basic understanding of the 19th century, including slavery in the South, both from the perspective of those subjected to slavery and that of plantation owners. Students also should be aware of the events surrounding the Civil War, including nullification and associated tariffs, the secession of South Carolina and 10 other states from the Union, the Reconstruction period, and the women’s suffrage movement of the 20th century. Finally, students should be familiar with key events of the 20th century, including the Great Depression, the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the development of the atomic bomb in 1950.

The aim of this film and lesson plan is to provide students with a clearer picture of history as it relates to them and to illuminate how the history of this region ties into national history. This packet has been designed to demonstrate the connections between events in the past and those of the present. If students realize that the very location where they live has such a vibrant history, perhaps that knowledge will serve to ignite a new interest and passion in their heritage.

The film may be viewed as a whole (56:43 minutes), which is recommended, or in two parts. If viewing it in two parts, stop the DVD at 28:55 minutes, and engage the students in the first half of the discussion questions.

Following the South Carolina Social Studies Standards, teachers will find activities and their corresponding standards in various content areas including mathematics, English/language arts and science. All worksheets, experiments and project ideas have been attached to this packet and can be used in their entirety or in parts.

 

Overview of Film

Part I

      • Introduction by/of Edgewood
        • Built in 1829 at Francis Picken’s request
        • Constructed of oak from Cedar Fields Plantation
        • Edgewood’s personality is shaped by the women who live within her walls
      • First inhabitants of Edgewood
        • Francis Pickens moves in with his first wife Margaret Eliza
        • Francis marries second wife Marion; they have seven children
        • Marion and three children die
        • Grief causes Francis to leave home
      • Nullification
        • Injustice of federal trade tariffs
        • Supposed resolution by South Carolina’s secession
      • Francis marries for a third time
        • His wife Lucy is spirited, bright and beautiful
        • Lucy marries to secure her future and reverse her father’s financial struggles
        • Lucinda, Lucy’s enslaved maidservant, moves to Edgewood
        • Francis accepts ambassadorship to Russia
        • The family moves  to Russia
        • Lucy gives birth to their first daughter Douschka
        • A frigid Russian winter leaves Francis deathly ill
      • Era 1860s: Francis, Lucy and Douschka return to Edgewood
        • Civil War begins on April 12, 1861
        • Governor Francis Pickens declares South Carolina secession
        • Lucy is called “Queen of the Confederacy”
          • President Abraham Lincoln presents the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
          • It declares freedom for only those slaves living in states not under Union control.
          • Civil War ends in April 1865
      • New South
        • Many Confederate leaders pardoned, but Francis Pickens isn’t.
        • He dies in 1869
        • The 13th Amendment abolishes slavery
        • The 14th and 15th amendments grant slaves the right to vote
        • Winter 1869
          • Edgefield district is divided
          • Aiken County is created
          • Edgewood remains Lucy’s property until her death in 1899
          • She leaves it to her granddaughter Lucy Pickens Dugas

Part II

        • Douschka
          • Rides with the Red Shirts, a reactionary group aimed at redeeming the Old South
          • Daughter Lucy Dugas marries B.R. Tillman
        • Tillman children controversy
          • A loophole in the law allows B.R. Tillman to deed away custody of his daughters without their mother’s consent.
          • Lucy Tillman sells her jewelry to pay lawyer fees and regains the rights to her children
          • Eulalie Salley speaks out against the antiquated law
        • Eulalie Salley
          • She is a woman with comfortable charm and the ability to make the ordinary extraordinary
          • She becomes one of the nation’s first women realtors
          • Her business clients include rich winter colonists
        • Eulalie fights for women’s rights
          • Change is slow to happen
          • 19th Amendment passes and is ratified nationally on August 18, 1920
          • South Carolina rejects the amendment and doesn’t sign it into law until 1969
        • Eulalie  is determined to provide for the future of Edgewood
          • She focuses on the revitalization of Edgewood
          • Edgewood relocates to Aiken, south of Edgefield, and is placed on Kalmia Hill
        • Great Depression impacts the Salleys and slows repairs to Edgewood
        • World wars
          • Pearl Harbor begins on December 7, 1941
          • Julian Salley Jr. goes to war
          • August 1945, America drops an atomic bomb on two Japanese cities, ending the war
          • Russia tests first atomic bomb in the late 1940s
          • A plutonium-producing weapons plant is built by Dupont on the Savannah River
          • Population demographics change in Aiken
          • Rich Winter Colony moves in; some locals move out
          • Thousands of construction workers, engineers and plant personnel arrive
        • Eulalie dies and  her heirs sell the house to a developer
        • Edgewood permanently resides on the University of South Carolina Aiken campus

Timeline of Events

Part I — 19th Century

1829: Construction begins on Edgewood in Edgefield, South Carolina

1838: Francis Pickens’ father dies; male servant Tom Lee becomes deeply devoted to Francis

1842: Francis Pickens’ first wife Margaret Eliza dies

1851: Lucy Holcombe Pickens’ first love, Colonel William Crittenden, is killed

1852: Francis Pickens’ second wife Marion dies

1857: Francis Pickens meets Lucy Petway Holcombe

1858: Francis Pickens and Lucy Petway Holcombe marry on April 26

1858: Francis and Lucy Pickens arrive in St. Petersburg, Russia in July

1859: Francis Eugenia, nicknamed Douschka, is born in Russia

1860: Francis, Lucy and Douschka return to Edgewood in November

1861: South Carolina secedes from the Union

1861: Civil War begins on April 12

1863:  President Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1

1865: Civil War ends

1869: Francis Pickens dies during the winter months

1870: 15th Amendment is ratified

1872: Lucy Pickens’ children/grandchildren maintain possession of Edgewood

1880: Lucinda marries

1893: Douschka dies of a summer fever

1899: Lucy Pickens dies on August 8

1899: Lucinda dies on August 11

 

Part II — 20th Century

1903: Lucy Pickens Dugas (Douschka’s daughter) marries B.R. Tillman

1909: B.R. Tillman abducts his daughters from his sick wife’s beside and gives legal guardianship to his parents without his wife’s consent

1910: Lucy Pickens Dugas hires legal counsel and regains custody of her daughters

1925: Edgewood is rediscovered

1927: Eulalie Salley purchases Edgewood from the Tillman estate

1929: Edgewood moves to Kalmia Hill in Aiken, South Carolina

1929: Great Depression slows the rehabilitation of Edgewood

1931: Eulalie Salley starts a real estate company

1932: Gaston Means is sentenced to prison for bilking Evalyn McLean of $104,000 that she had given him to ransom back the Lindbergh baby.

1941: Pearl Harbor is bombed on December 7, starting  WWI

1950: The construction of the Savannah River Site brings an influx of residents to the Aiken area

1951: Julian Salley, Eulalie’s husband, dies

1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlaws major forms of discrimination against women and African Americans, including segregation

1969: South Carolinian Governor Robert McNair signs the 19th Amendment

1975: Eulalie Salley dies in March

1985: Edgewood is sold to a real estate developer

1989: Edgewood moves to her permanent home on the University of South Carolina Aiken campus


Additional Resources

Tour

For a field trip or extra assignment, call Dr. Deidre Martin at (803) 641-3448 or deidrem@usca.edu to tour the Pickens-Salley House.

Books

“Queen of the Confederacy: The Innocent Deceits of Lucy Holcombe Pickens” by Elizabeth Wittenmyer Lewis, University of North Texas Press, 2002.

“Queen of the Lost” by Emily Cooper, Kalmia Press,  2011

“Eulalie” by Emily Bull Cooper, Kalmia Press, 1973.

“Francis W. Pickens and the Politics of Destruction” by Edmunds, John B., Jr., Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Online

About the Documentary:

 

About the Pickens Family

 

About the Salley Family: